In 2019, the cannabidiol (CBD) market had a global value of $414.7 million. Come 2026; experts forecast it to grow further and turn into a $3.19 billion sector.
All these figures indicate the boom in CBD use all over the world. The increase in scientific studies is also fueling its growth and increased awareness.
Cannabidiol, however, is only one of the many potentially beneficial compounds in cannabis. There’s also the lesser-known CBG that might be as or even more therapeutic than CBD.
The big question now is, what exactly are the things that distinguish CBG vs CBD?
We’ve compiled a list of the primary differences (and similarities) between the two, so be sure to read on.
CBG stands for “cannabigerol.” CBD, on the other hand, stands for cannabidiol.
CBD comes from CBG, while CBG comes from cannabigerolic acid or CBGa. CBGa, in turn, is the parent molecule from which all cannabinoids synthesize from.
CBG is the non-acidic form of cannabigerolic acid. Just in case you’re wondering, the “a” in CBGa stands for none other than “acid.”
With that said, it’s all thanks to cannabigerolic acid and cannabigerol that we have CBD. Thanks to CBGa and CBG, other cannabinoids, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), exist. THC, by the way, is the main psychoactive but also therapeutic compound in cannabis plants.
CBG is a phytocannabinoid. Of the 420+ known constituents of cannabis, over 60 are cannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are the active chemical compounds produced by the cannabis plant.
Even though CBG allows for the creation of CBD, it still falls under the “minor” class of cannabinoids. This may be because cannabis plants contain only less than 1% of cannabigerol. This low CBG content, in turn, stems from how CBG converts into CBD and other cannabinoids.
This “synthesis” starts with CBGa converting into CBG as the cannabis plants develop. Throughout the plant’s growth, more CBG gets synthesized into primary cannabinoids like CBD. As such, mature plants often contain very little CBG, but instead, more CBD as well as THC.
CBG is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. Studies suggest that it may help relieve pain and swelling. Moreover, preliminary research found that cannabigerol may help get rid of hard-to-kill microbes.
One important note is that there are fewer studies done on cannabigerol than CBD and THC. The ones that exist, however, show the potential therapeutic benefits of CBG.
Previous research found that CBG’s analgesic effects seem to exceed that of THC. This indicates that cannabigerol may be more effective in easing pain than tetrahydrocannabinol. There’s also the bonus of CBG not being psychoactive, unlike THC.
In addition, scientists found that cannabigerol possesses a good tolerability level. They also say that CBG has a low toxicity potential.
Studies also found that CBG boasts anti-inflammatory effects. In this way, it may help to relieve conditions that lead to swelling, such as arthritis.
Some people afflicted with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) also swear by cannabigerol. Some researchers also support the concept of using CBG as a treatment for IBD.
Moreover, researchers say that CBG appears to reduce oxidative stress. It may also be able to restore the antioxidant defense of specific cells in the body.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a type of bacterium. It causes not just hard to kill, but also recurring infections in different areas of the body. It’s for this reason that medical experts classify it as a “superbug.”
Mild MRSA infections are bad enough, as they can lead to abscesses and boils. Worse, they can cause much more severe conditions, like lung infections. The bacterium can also infect the urinary tract and even invade the bloodstream.
CBG, according to scientists, is extremely efficient in eradicating common MRSA microbes. The researchers actually screened four other cannabis compounds. However, they found that CBG was the most potent “killer” of the MRSA microbes.
Like CBG, CBD is also a non-psychoactive phytocannabinoid. Meaning, it’s not supposed to get or make you feel high. Just be sure to choose hemp CBD products, though, to ensure that they don’t contain more than 0.3% THC.
CBD also boasts of many potential benefits, some of which are similar to CBG. This may be again due to the fact that cannabidiol comes from cannabigerol. Moreover, studies found that CBD appears to counter the psychiatric effects of THC.
Here are some of the many other purported benefits of cannabidiol.
Like the cannabinoids THC and CBG, CBD also possesses anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Many studies found evidence that cannabidiol can ease both swelling and pain. Indeed, patients with arthritis say that CBD oil helps ease their flareup symptoms.
Cannabidiol also exerts anxiolytic and anti-depressant like effects. Anxiolytics are medications that help relieve the symptoms of anxiety. CBD has shown to help lower stress levels, promote relaxation, and slow down the heart rate.
Researchers also found evidence that cannabidiol has anti-acne effects. One way that it appears to help with this skin condition is by keeping moisture locked in the skin’s sebum. In addition, CBD has antibacterial properties, which may further help keep acne at bay.
Give High-Quality CBG and CBD Products a Well-Deserved Try
There you have it, your ultimate guide on what distinguishes CBG vs CBD. Just remember that cannabidiol and all other cannabinoids come from cannabigerol. As such, it may no longer come as a surprise if scientists confirm that it is as beneficial and therapeutic as CBD.
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