When people talk about skincare concerns, wrinkles, period pimples, and acne flare-ups top the list. In fact, most people always feel engrossed in fine lines and blemishes that they overlook dark spots and hyperpigmentation, which are always frustrating to clear out. Unlike other skin traumas, irregular skin pigmentation crops up frequently and is usually triggered by several factors such as acne scars, sun damage, rosacea, and melasma. Here are some of the ways to get rid of pigmentation:
Chemical peels are an effective treatment for irregular pigmentation causes in all skin types. The therapy uses stronger concentrations of acid to treat the affected area; this removes the epidermis that fades the hyperpigmentation appearance. Deeper versions of chemical peels may also penetrate through the dermis, the middle layer of the skin, to remove the pigmentations. Although you can easily access chemical peels over-the-counter, it is recommended that you get one from a dermatologist because they are very powerful. The treatment works best for blotchy skin, sun damage, age spots, and melisma. The possible side effects of chemical peels include irritation, blistering, and redness. When applied incorrectly, one may also suffer from scars or blisters.
Irregular skin pigmentation causes darker patches on the skin or aging spots, but these can be treated by the use of microdermabrasion. This treatment method removes dead cells from the epidermis, thus, promoting the new cells to regenerate faster, making the skin look more youthful, toned, and firmer. There are two microdermabrasion techniques used to treat pigmentation: crystal, which involves directing tiny particles to the face using a wand, and a diamond-tip method that uses an applicator to exfoliate the skin. Microdermabrasion is a progressive treatment that penetrates the skin deeper in each session to lift the pigmentation. While it is mostly applied to treat the face, the treatment can also be applied in other parts of the body, including thighs, hips, waistline, and abdomen.
Topical skin care products with select ingredients work well in dealing with irregular skin pigmentation. Many of these products are usually applied either once or twice a day to remove the pigmentation over time. Common ingredients for topical skin care treatments include licorice extract, Vitamin B-3, hydroquinone, and N-acetylglucosamine.
Topical creams work best in cases of age spots and melisma. They can also effectively treat discoloration patches for most skin types. It is recommended that you use professional treatments that take effect faster than OTC products.
There is no particular treatment that can correct irregular skin pigmentation since every person has unique body chemistry and skin type. Doctors agree that people with dark, medium, and fair skin tones can apply the same treatment, although darker skin requires more time for therapy to be effective. It is, therefore, necessary that you consult your dermatologist before identifying the right cause of treatment. It is also important to protect the skin from further pigmentation or sun damage through the use of sunscreen and other protective creams.